Dynamism and drama... evidently born to be a conductor.”  Peter Bloch/La Razón (NYC)

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JOSEF LHEVINNE "Basic Principles in Pianoforte Playing"

(Dover Publications, Inc.)

“Certain things cannot be skipped in the early lessons without appearing to the enormous disadvantage of the student in later years.  Possibly here is the greatest waste in music teaching, poor or careless instruction in the earlier years."                                                                           Pg. 2

“Why is much playing inaccurate?  Largely because of mental uncertainty.”                           Pg. 33

“Often students struggle with difficult passages and declare them impossible, when a mere change of the hand position, such as raising or lowering the wrist or slanting the hand laterally, would solve the problem.”                                                                                                              Pg. 34

“Do not think you have been practicing if you have played a single note with your mind on anything else.

“When you practice in the right spirit you don’t know what it is to get tired.”                         Pg. 44

JOSEF LHEVINNE "Basic Principles in Pianoforte Playing"

(Dover Publications, Inc.)

“The virtuoso whose existence depends upon moving great audiences by musical values knows that rests are of vital importance.  Very often the effect of the rest is even greater than that of the notes.”                                                                                                                                                Pg. 3​

“…the player can actually think moods and conditions into his arm and fingers.  His mental attitude means a great deal in the quality of his playing."                                                                Pg. 26


“Try practicing for beauty as well as practicing for technique… I am confident that centuries of practice are wasted throughout the world because the element of beauty is cast aside.”        Pg. 39

JOSEF LHEVINNE "Basic Principles in Pianoforte Playing"

(Dover Publications, Inc.)

​“In all his [Rubenstein’s] forte passages he employed the weight of his body and shoulders… Rubenstein could be heard over the entire orchestra playing fortissimo.  The piano seemed to peal out gloriously as the king of the entire orchestra; but there was never any suggestion of noise, no disagreeable pounding.

Why no noise?  Because Rubenstein’s wrists were always free from stiffness in such passages and he took advantage of the natural shock absorber at the wrist which we all possess… his playing assumed a power and a grandeur I have never heard since…”                                                    Pg. 31

There is a vast difference between the ordinary amateur hammering on the keyboard for force and the more artistic means of drawing the tone from the piano by weight or pressure properly controlled or administered.”                                                                                                           Pg. 31

GIUSEPPE TARTINI "A Letter from the Late Signor Tartini to Signora Maddalena Lombardini (now Signora Sirmen) Published as an Important Lesson to Performers on the Violin"

(Published by Franklin Classics of Creative Media Partners; Translated by Charles Burney)

"Your first study, therefore, should be the true manner of holding, balancing and pressing the bow lightly, but steadily, upon the string; in such a manner as that it shall seem to breathe the first tone it gives, which must proceed from the friction of the string, and not from percussion, as by a blow given with a hammer upon it."                                              Pg. 2

MUZIO CLEMENTI "Introduction to the Art of Playing on the Pianoforte"

(Independently published on Amazon, from Columbia, SC)

"N.B. The second part of a piece, if very long, is seldom repeated; notwithstanding the DOTS."                                                                                                                                        Pg. 12

"N.B.  The LOWEST note of EVERY sort of turn is MOSTLY a semitone."                                  Pg. 16

LEOPOLD MOZART "Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing"

(Oxford University Press; Translated by Editha Knocker)

“Here lies really the greatest error committed by masters as well as pupils.  The first often have not the patience to wait, or they allow themselves to be led astray by the disciple… But alas!... He who does not, right from the beginning, become thoroughly familiar with the position of the notes through frequent playing… will always be in danger of playing out of tune and with uncertainty.”                                                                                                     Pg. 61

LEOPOLD MOZART "Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing"

(Oxford University Press; Translated by Editha Knocker)

"Time makes melody, therefore time is the soul of music."                                                Pg. 30

"Singing is at all times the aim of every instrumentalist..."                                               Pg. 102

“We must therefore so lead the bow from strong to weak that at all times a good, even, singing and, so to speak, round and fat tone can be heard…”                                          Pg. 100

H. L. MENCKEN "A Mencken Chrestomathy [Choice Writings]"

(Vintage Books, a Division of Random House)

​“Schubert paid the price that all artists pay for trying to improve upon the world made by the gods.  'My compositions,' he once wrote in his diary, 'spring from my sorrow.'"                      Pg. 528

"The life of an artist is a life of frustrations and disasters.  Storms rage endlessly within his own soul.  His quest is for the perfect beauty that is always elusive, always just beyond the sky-rim.

"He tries to contrive what the gods themselves have failed to contrive... often he falls short, and in his falling short there is agony almost beyond endurance."                                  Pg. 528-29

 ROBERT DONINGTON "Baroque Music: Style and Performance - A Handbook"

(W.W. Norton & Company)

Style and performance in baroque music present certain problems due not only to neglect but also to misguided enthusiasms at various periods on the way down.  Romantic exaggerations have tended to be over-compensated by austere understatements no nearer to the spirit of the originals and considerably more inhibiting to our musicianly enjoyment."                                                                                                                                 Pg. 1

"We need not only an awareness of history and geography but a keen sense of musical appropriateness in applying any musicological evidence to any music.  If it does not end up sounding musicianly it is not acceptable musicologically, and we must think again."        Pg. 3


"It is valuable to be reminded in this manner that personality and temperament are legitimate variables.  We should never assume that there can only be one right and authentic way: that never was and is not now the case.  Flexibility is of the essence of good baroque interpretation."                                                                                                           Pg. 4

ROBERT DONINGTON "Baroque Music: Style and Performance - A Handbook"

(W.W. Norton & Company; Selected and Translated by Robert Donington )

THOMAS MACE (London, 1676) “...I was so transported, and wrapt up in High Contemplations, that there was no room left in my whole Man, viz. Body, Soul and Spirit, for any thing below Divine and Heavenly Raptures.  For in Musick, may any Humour, Conceit, or Passions (never so various) be Exprest."                                                                                                                                                Pg. 2

FRANCESCO GEMINIANI (London, 1749) "...the performer will do justice to the composer if while his Imagination is warm and glowing he pours the same exalted Spirit into his own Performance."                                                                                                                                            Pg. 2

FRIEDRICH WILHELM MARPURG (Berlin, 1749) "All musical expression has an affect or emotion for its foundation, demanding the utmost sensibility and the most felicitous powers of intuition."                                                                                                                                                     Pg. 3

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART "Mozart's Letters, Mozart's Life"

(W.W. Norton & Company; Selected and translated by Robert Spaethling)

(From Vienna, dated October 13, 1781, to his father in Salzburg)

“The Poets seem to me almost like trumpeters with their professional tricks! ‒ if we composers always just follow our rules...we would come up with a kind of music that is just as useless as their librettos.”                                                                                                                               Pg. 289

 RUSSELL MARTIN "Beethoven’s Hair" 

(Broadway Books of Random House, Inc.)

Beethoven remained the world’s foremost ‘subjective’ composer, someone who had made [his] music an instrument of self-expression in a way that would have been disastrous, even dangerous, without his purity of heart, his dramatic powers, his unique creative genius."                                                                                                                                                        Pg. 199

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART "Mozart's Letters, Mozart's Life"

(W.W. Norton & Company; Selected and translated by Robert Spaethling)

(From Vienna, dated April 11, 1791, to his father in Salzburg)

“I forgot to tell you the other day that the Sinfonie was Magnifique, it was a complete Success—we had 40 violins—the wind instruments had been doubled—10 violas— 10 contrabasses, 8 violoncellos, and 6 bassoons."                                                                                                  Pg. 243

RICHARD WAGNER "Wagner on Conducting"

(Dover Publications, Inc.; Translation by Edward Dannreuther)

"Flat and empty pseudo-culture confronts us with a grin, and if we are not inclined to grin in return, as superficial observers of our civilization are wont to do, we may indeed grow seriously indignant.

"...it is a characteristic trait of pseudo-culture not to insist too much, not to enter deeply into a subject or, as the phrase goes, not to make much fuss about anything.  Thus whatever is high, great and deep, is treated as a matter of course, a commonplace, naturally at everybody's beck and call; something that can be readily acquired, and, if need be, imitated.  Again, that which is sublime, god-like, demonic, must not be dwelt upon, simply because it is impossible or difficult to copy."                                                                       Pg. 74

MAGGIE TEYTE "Debussy Remembered"

(Faber and Faber Limited; Compiled by Roger Nichols)

“For nine months I studied the role of Mélisande with the composer.  Debussy was a man of very few words, and thank goodness he didn’t find much to criticize.  This was probably due to my Mozartian upbringing, for I have always approached the interpretation of Debussy as though he were a modern Mozart.”                                                                                              Pg. 88

DANIEL BARENBOIM "Daniel Barenboim, Everything is Connected"

(Phoenix, an imprint of Orion Books, Ltd.)

"Music loses its power when the performer loses his curiosity and humility before it."                                                                                                                                           Pg. 118

JOHANN JOACHIM QUANTZ "On Playing the Flute" (c. 1752)

(Schirmer Books of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.; Translation by Edward R. Reilly)

"In an Adagio the notes that provide motion beneath the concertante [solo] part may be considered as half staccato, even if no little strokes stand above them, and hence a little pause may be observed after each note."                                                                          Pg. 232

DENNIS SHROCK "Performance Practices in the Baroque Era as related by primary sources"

(GIA Publications, Inc.)

SEVERO BONINI "Discourses and Rules on Music" (c. 1650)

"Signor Giovanbattista [Jacomelli] del Violino flourished as a violinist in Florence.  He was called 'del Violino' on account of the excellence of his smooth and long bowings, which in truth delighted the hearing supremely."                                                                             Pg. 238

THOMAS MACE "Musick's Monument" (1676) (Part 3, Ch. 6 "Concerning the Viol and Musick in General")

"...attempt the Striking of your Strings but before you do That, Arm your self with Preparative Resolution to gain a Handsom-Smooth-Sweet-art Clear-Stroak or else Play not at all..."    Pg. 238

JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU viola da gamba treatise (1687)

"The playing of accompaniment must be linked with long strokes of the Bow which follow one another without interruption of sound..."                                                                   Pg. 239

GEORG MUFFAT "Florilegium Secundum" (1698)

"The majority of German violinists and other players of upper string instruments hold the bow as the French do... pressing the hair with the thumb... The Italians, among others, differ in playing these upper instruments in that they never touch the hair... all the finest masters, regardless of their nationality, agree with each other that the longer, steadier, sweeter, and more even the bow-stroke is, the finer it is considered..."                                                Pg. 239

AMY BEACH "Music's Ten Commandments as Given for Young Composers"

(Taken from "Amy Beach, Passionate Victorian" by Adrienne Fried Block; Oxford University Press)

"Remember that technic is valuable only as a means to an end.  You must first have something to say - something which demands expression from the depths of your soul."

                                                                                                                                                Pg. 310

EVGENY KISSIN "Evgeny Kissin, Memoirs & Reflections"

(ForeEdge an imprint of University Press of New England)
(Compiled and Edited by Marina Arshinova; Translation by Arnold McMillin)

"... a few weeks later, when a week before the death of Claudio Arrau I played for him, he praised Anna Pavlovna, who was present, for teaching me to play forte in the same way that his teacher Martin Krause, a pupil of Liszt, had done: using the weight of all of the arm from the shoulder, so that it would sound noble and beautiful."                                                Pg. 55

JOHANN JOACHIM QUANTZ "On Playing the Flute"

(Schirmer Books of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.; Translation by Edward R. Reilly)

"To excite the different passions the dissonances must be struck more strongly than the consonances.  Consonances make the spirit peaceful and tranquil; dissonances, on the other hand, disturb it. Just as an uninterrupted pleasure, of whatever kind it might be, would weaken and exhaust our capacities for remaining sensitive to it... so a long series of pure consonances would eventually cause the ear distaste and displeasure, if they were not mingled now and then with disagreeable sounds such as those produced by dissonances.  The more, then, that a dissonance is distinguished and set off from the other notes in playing, the more it affects the ear. But the more displeasing the disturbance of our pleasure, the more agreeable the ensuing pleasure seems to us. Thus the harsher the dissonance, the more pleasing is its resolution.  Without this mixture, of agreeable and disagreeable sounds, music would no longer be able now to arouse the different passions instantly, now to still them again."                                                                                       Pg. 254

DANIEL BARENBOIM "Daniel Barenboim, Everything is Connected"

(Phoenix, an imprint of Orion Books, Ltd.)

"A musician must possess the capacity to group notes."                                                     Pg. 11

HANS VON BÜLOW  "Hans von Bülow, A Life and Times"

(Oxford University Press)

"'In Art there are no trivial details."                                                                                      Pg. 281

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